GitHub

(6 minutes of reading time)


GitHub is a cloud source code repository and file hosting platform with version control using Git.

The platform was conceived by the same creator of the Linux system and has established itself as one of the most important tools for project development.

With GitHub, programmers or any user registered on the platform can contribute to private or open-source projects from anywhere in the world.

Today, GitHub is widely used by programmers to publicize their work or for other programmers to contribute to the project, in addition to promoting easy communication through features that report problems or merge remote repositories.

Easy to use, GitHub makes it possible for several members of the same team to work together on a project, each making their own version. Instead of having priority levels, all team members have the same chance to present the work, which goes through the leader's approval later.

It is used worldwide and has more than 36 million active users contributing to commercial or personal projects. Today GitHub hosts more than 100 million projects, some of which are known worldwide, such as: WordPress, GNU/Linux, Atom, and Electron.

Read our text today, to understand how GitHub works and why it is one of the most powerful and popular tools among developers!


GIT

But before we talk about this important tool, do you know what GIT is?

GIT is a Distributed Version Control System (DVCS). They have the function of recording any changes made on top of a code, storing this information, and allowing, if necessary, the programmer to revert to previous versions of an application in a simple and fast way.

Thus, it facilitates the process of sharing a project with a team, for example, or with other programmers.

One of the biggest advantages of using GIT is the saving of time and resources, since the consultation of different versions of the same application is very common in the programmer's work.

Also, because it is a distributed system, Git has repositories, not just a single place with the history of your work.

Now let's go back to GitHub.


WHAT IS GITHUB FOR?

GitHub was born from Git, the main difference between them is the interaction provided by GitHub, which today works very similarly to a social network. GitHub is today one of the biggest virtual meeting points for programmers from around the world.

GitHub makes it easy to control versions of a software or application. It is also the largest repository of open-source software on the entire internet, including Microsoft as one of its biggest contributors.

GitHub's features go far beyond that. When a project is developed, even after being released, updates, corrections and other adjustments happen. So, that the code base is not lost, GitHub allows you to track each of the changes made separately, keeping the initial product protected in case it needs to be reviewed in the future.


WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF GITHUB?

There are numerous advantages to using GitHub. Here are some of them:

- The chance to meet more experienced and specialized programmers and learn from them.

- Possibility to monitor and collaborate with different projects.

- Learn programming by doing and by watching other programmers' application development progress.

- Participate in discussions about new technologies.

- Get help from other programmers to solve problems related to your projects.

- Control different versions of a code with cloud storage.

- Register actions and projects developed by you in a kind of online portfolio.


HOW IT WORKS?

GitHub is inside the Git platform and works as a kind of cloud project manager, making work more cohesive and organized.

GitHub's main functionality is copying repositories from one account to another, so all programmers can incorporate changes into the project and the leader decides which ones to keep.

But what are repositories?

They are the environments created to store your codes. You can have one or more repositories, public or private, local, or remote, and they can store not only the codes themselves to be modified, but also images, audios, files and other elements related to your project.

It is through their public repositories that other programmers will be able to access their codes on GitHub and can even clone them to add improvements.

Copying repositories is done with branch. Each developer can pull a branch and make the changes they seem important, without altering the original file.

At the end of the project, these branches will be merged with the original code, with the merge functionality. But for that, the team must be warned, and the best way to do that is with the pull request tool.

The fork is another interesting feature of GitHub, with it you can make a copy of an existing project, using the code as a reference to create something and customize it.


IS GITHUB SAFE?

GitHub cares a lot about data privacy and gives the option for those who prefer to subscribe to a package to keep the data on its own servers.

In addition, the creators of the platform are constantly improving security, in addition to following European GDPR information protection laws.

So, it's perfectly safe to use GitHub for small and large projects.


IS IT WORTH USING GITHUB?

Today, GitHub is the fastest version control system on the market. It provides its user with a great optimization of time and resources.

In addition, it gives programmers and programming students the opportunity to interact and observe projects from more experienced professionals.

In short, GitHub is an extremely complete platform full of features that make it easier for developers to communicate and work.


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