(5 minutes of reading time) On May 17th the Internet Day is celebrated! The date was established by the United Nations (UN) in January 2006. On that occasion, it was also established that the day of Telecommunications would be celebrated. Today, during the digital world, how would we be our lives without the internet? You can't even imagine, can you? Can you imagine having to go to the bank every time you need to make a payment? Or go to the supermarket every time you run out of milk? The internet has changed our lives, it has changed the way people interact, study, shop, play games, watch movies, listen to music and do business. The world, since the internet arrived, has never been (and won’t be) the same. THE HISTORY OF THE INTERNET The internet was created in the United States in 1969. Initially called Arpanet, its purpose was to connect research laboratories. That year, a professor at the University of California sent to a friend of him at Stanford the first e-mail in history. Arpanet belonged to the US Department of Defense. At that time, the Cold War was going on and the network ensured communication between the military and scientists even in case of war. In 1982, Arpanet began to be used in the North American academic world and then expanded to other countries, such as the Netherlands, Denmark, and Sweden. And so, the name was changed to internet. It was only in 1987 that the internet left the academic environment, and its commercial use was allowed in the USA. In 1992, several companies providing Internet access began to emerge in the USA. And the European Particle Physics Laboratory (CERN) invented the World Wide Web, which began to be used to put information within the reach of any internet user. In Brazil, the use was released in 1995, however, some universities such as the federal universities of Rio Grande do Sul and Rio de Janeiro were already connected to the network since 1989. THE INTERNET NOWADAYS Today, 30 years after its popularization, the internet is used for work, study, business, and entertainment. Today, we can do anything with a click. We buy clothes, food, work, study, socialize, make medical appointments, bank transactions and much more using a computer or cell phone screen. With the COVID-19 pandemic there has been a significant increase in internet usage in the world. However, recent research shows that more than a third of the world's population does not have an internet connection. A report by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) published in 2021 found that 2.9 billion people (37% of the world's population) do not connect to the network. Among them, 96% live in developing countries. According to the ITU Secretary-General, Houlin Zhao, one of the main challenges to bring the internet to these people without access is to reach the rural areas of these developing countries, where access in urban areas reaches an average of 72% of people and only to 34% of the rural population. On top of that, there are also problems such as poverty, access to electricity or lack of digital knowledge. These are just some of the challenges for the "digitally excluded", according to the ITU. THE FUTURE OF THE INTERNET With the arrival of 5G its known that the internet will evolve even further. In addition to faster download speeds, 5G will facilitate the implementation and adoption of the Internet of Things (IoT), considerably leveraging digital communication for various industrial sectors and companies. One of the most attractive points for the use of 5G is the benefits for different areas, such as telemedicine, education, agriculture, and transportation. Thus, with this new technology, we will have a new technological scenario that will open several possibilities in practically all segments of the economy, making it possible to create new products and services that will have a significant impact on our daily lives and business. Do you like our content? So, follow us on social media to stay on top of innovation and read our blog. Reference: https://bit.ly/3O6m7lv https://bit.ly/3xmWMOf https://bit.ly/3xibqGJ https://bit.ly/3jxhTW1
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