Systems Architect

(6 minutes of reading time)


If you already have a career in IT, it may be worth looking into the possibility of getting involved in systems architecture. Currently, there is a high demand for this niche thanks to the speed that new technologies get developed in IT.

Briefly, systems architects are responsible for planning, developing, and managing systems. They are responsible for the overall design and development process of a system or project.

If you are an IT professional who wants to understand more about the area, keep reading the content. In this article, we will bring you information you need to enter the field. Check out!


WHAT IS SYSTEMS ARCHITECTURE?

Systems architecture, also known as systems engineering, is a branch of computer science that deals with the design of software and hardware systems. It is a collection of methods, techniques, and standards that help design and analyze such systems.

It is a practice that involves the design, development, and management of an organization's computer systems. The professional must design the software or hardware components, their interactions, how they are organized, how they are controlled and monitored, and how they communicate with other components of the system.

A systems architect will typically work with other professionals, such as software engineers, computer scientists, business analysts, or project managers, to create a set of plans for a new system or for changes to an existing system.

Systems architecture has three main components: requirements analysis, design, and implementation.

Requirements analysis involves gathering all the necessary information about what needs to be done for an organization or industry to achieve its goals.

The project outlines how these requirements will be achieved by creating multiple components, such as hardware and software systems, that work cohesively.

And the implementation describes how these components will be put into practice through the management structures needed to manage the project and its progress.


WHAT WILL YOU DO AS A SYSTEMS ARCHITECT?

You will prepare a plan to assess needs and risks associated with changes to the information system. For this you will need:

- Provide a high-level analysis of system requirements, taking into account user needs/constraints such as cost and schedule;

- Ensuring that requirements are consistent, complete, correct and operationally defined;

- To meet a requirement, perform cost-benefit analyzes to determine the best way to do it;

- Modularize algorithms and other processes;

- Organize systems into subsystem layers that can be managed by subordinates to the architect;

- Consider the most robust structure for improvement;

- Create a test procedure together with the development groups and users, to ensure that what is initially proposed becomes reality;

- Generate sketches, prototypes and user manuals that allow you to build your system.


WHAT DO YOU NEED TO BECOME A SYSTEMS ARCHITECT?

Currently, to enter the area, the professional must have a senior level of knowledge. In other words, you must have already worked as a software analyst and systems development manager. Software architects need to be familiar with front-end, back-end and full stack development. They also need to have a good understanding of business analytics and data architecture.

Systems architects can usually be trained in many different areas such as computer science, software engineering, and business management. And they need to be able to communicate effectively with both technical and non-technical people.

To help them get started in their careers, we have separated some tips on soft and hard skills needed:


SOFT SKILLS

- Persuasion power;
- Critical sense;
- Leadership;
- Communication;
- Detailed thinking;
- Creativity;
- Troubleshooting;
- Conflict resolution;
- Organization;
- Resilience;
- Ability to prioritize.


HARD SKILLS

- Unified Modeling Language (UML);
- Ability to work with frameworks;
- Knowledge of LAMP architecture;
- Knowledge of one or more programming languages.


DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE, SOFTWARE ENGINEERING AND SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE

System architects are divided into three categories with distinct purposes and roles:


SYSTEM ARCHITECT

An architect is the professional responsible for designing and developing complex computer systems.


SOFTWARE ARCHITECT

Responsible for managing work orders. It is he/she who provides engineers with a plan that lays out provisions for different technical and business requirements.


SOFTWARE ENGINEER

Professional who reads the project created by the architect and implements it using the most appropriate programming language in the project. In other words, it is a more technical role than the software or systems architect.


CHALLENGES TO DEVELOP A SOFTWARE

It is the responsibility of the software architect to ensure that different steps and decisions are taken by the managers of a project. By doing so, you will be able to make more informed choices about what you need for your application.

Thus, we can say that the involvement of this professional will go from the idea to the action of a system.

As the project evolves, this professional must be able to adapt to new tasks that arise, especially as they may have to perform different roles without prior notice.


WHICH COMPANIES NEED SOFTWARE ARCHITECTS?

As we have already mentioned, software architects are in high demand in the market. They are responsible for designing and building software applications, websites, and mobile applications. They need to be able to work with different programming languages, have a good understanding of how the software works and be able to work remotely.

Which means that every company that works with technology needs a software architect to ensure that solutions meet standards and act assertively.


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